Refractive Error

Nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism are refractive errors. These common disorders do not always require glasses or contact lenses. Multiple factors uncovered during your child’s comprehensive eye exam, and a discussion with the doctor, will determine whether correction of refractive error is indicated for your child.


Amblyopia, or “Lazy Eye”Child doing her homework at school

This is the most common cause of potentially irreversible vision loss in children. One of both eyes sends a blurred image to the brain. Normal vision does not develop. Glasses, patches, and eye drops are possible treatment modalities for this condition.



Strabismus, or “Crossed or Drifting Eyes”

The eyes are not straight in one or more positions of gaze. In other words, there is an ocular misalignment. The most common forms are esotropia (in-crossing) and exotropia (out-crossing or wandering eyes.) Treatment can include glasses, patching and/or eye muscle surgery.